The effects of Kurdish marginalization in the centuries (4-5 AD/ 10-11 AD) A study in the light of Ibn Khaldun's theory


  • Saman Othman Alee History Department, Faculty of Arts, Soran University Author
  • Kamaran Aziz Abdullah History Department, College of Education, Koya University Author



The Kurds during the middle age appear as a prominent and well-known race in their lives and as a kind of marginalization, and this marginalization made them follow the centre. It means the others have always imposed their authority on them. This Kurdish dimension of conflict and competition about centralism seemed to have an effect on Kurdish lives and civilization. In this research, we analyse this phenomenon by understanding the two thinkers’ centralism idea, Ibn Khaldun and Machiavelli, which are making centralism and preventing marginalization

This research discusses the consequences that impacted the perpetuation of the Kurds’ marginalized situation in all aspects and their effect on the Kurdish individuals and the stages of their historical life.

This research consists of introduction and five points.

The purpose of this introduction is to analyse the marginalization of Kurds and continuity of marginalization without appearing Kurds as a competitors regarding the centralism like the other nations.

The first point is to searching for the social impressions and their effects.The second point is to seek the economic consequences and their effects on marginalization.

The third point is to find the political and military consequences.The fourth point is about the geographic and demographic consequences, and at the same time explained its impact on the theory of construction? The impact of construction on the community's withdrawal of concentration and marginalization?


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Original Articles

How to Cite

Alee, Saman Othman, and Kamaran Aziz Abdullah , trans. 2024. “The Effects of Kurdish Marginalization in the Centuries (4-5 AD 10-11 AD) A Study in the Light of Ibn Khaldun’s Theory”. Twejer Journal 6 (2): 111-60.