Humor Theories (A theoretical Study)


  • Ranjdar Fattah Salih Sociology Department, Faculty of Arts, Salahaddin University-Erbil Author
  • Murad Hakim Mohammed Sociology Department, Faculty of Arts, Salahaddin University-Erbil Author



Humor is a multi-dimensional and complex social phenomenon. From classical philosophers and intellectuals to contemporary theoreticians of various disciplines, such as biology, anthropology, psychology and sociology have been dealing with it. Each and every one of these scientific branches have enquired regarding the nature of humor and its experiential partner, laughter. To understand the complex function of humor in social frames, social scientists have proposed a number of theories based on philosophers’ postulations. Our aim here is to put forward three of the foremost theories of humor: superiority, relief, and incongruity theories. This study has attempted to thoroughly analyze the three above mentioned theories by examining their roots and introducing the most eminent involved theoreticians. The three theories have been blended together by researchers, and it has been discovered that the origin of humor studies goes back to Greek philosophers, and the scrutiny has extended to the present day, with hundreds of contemporary researchers studying it. None of the three theories alone can utterly explain humor and become a superior theory, in fact, there are numerous examples of humor that can be analyzed by any of the three theories, and some examples can be explained by only one or two of them.


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Original Articles

How to Cite

Salih, Ranjdar Fattah, and Murad Hakim Mohamed , trans. 2024. “Humor Theories (A Theoretical Study)”. Twejer Journal 6 (2): 427-62.